Project Progress

Boudreau Pump Station

March 2019 Update

Site:

The Boudreau pump station is located on Merlin Road in Chatham-Kent. It services approximately 340 acres of land in row crop production. Two fields are systematically tiled and drain via two channels. These deliver mostly tile water to the pump station, where it’s pumped from the municipal Deary drain to Jeanette’s Creek which discharges into the Thames River.

 

The soils vary from a Brookston clay to a silt clay loam. Soil P readings are moderate to high (20 to 47 ppm) and the soils have high organic matter (4.7 to 7.6 per cent).

 

The Lower Thames Valley Conservation Authority (LTVCA) has monitored this site under the Great Lakes Agricultural Stewardship Initiative (GLASI) since 2016. Water quantity and quality data is available.

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Medway Creek

March 2019 Update

Site:

A 100-acre farm in row crops with a tiled field. It has a small barn that is used for wintering 20 head of beef cattle. Test site is at the northeast corner of the property where a single tile delivers water through the small pasture to Medway Creek.

 

Partners:

Upper Thames River Conservation Authority (UTRCA) will be responsible for the site and the Thames River PRC will provide research and weather data support.

 

Research description:

A capsule containing a combination of crushed stone and slag (leftover material from smelting metal) will be inserted into the tile to capture phosphorus (P) from the water that flows out.

 

Water will be sampled before insertion, and the UTRCA will take samples at regular intervals, and especially after major rain events. The conservation authority’s laboratory will be used to test samples and Dr. Dagnew at the University of Western Ontario will monitor results.

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Roesch Farm (Chatham)

March 2019 Update

Site:

A 100-acre farm situated east of Chatham. Crops are seed corn, soybeans, specialty beans and winter wheat. There is a pig barn on the farm, and crops receive manure from it annually, using a 4R (right time, right place, right source, right rate) nutrient stewardship plan.

 

The 100-acre field is tiled, with a 12-inch outlet on each 25 acre lot that empties into the municipal McKinley drain, and then to the Thames. The soil is a very fine clay loam with phosphorus (P) readings of 50 to 65 ppm. It has a very slow infiltration rate (hydrologic soil group D).

 

The farm will be used to host the testing of several technologies, to be determined later in 2019.

 

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Salford

March 2019 Update

Site:

A pig barn with manure storage on a hill surrounded by a 100-acre field that was tiled in December 2018. Part of the field slopes to the east and the remainder slopes to the west. The drainage system conducts water to Reynolds Creek and ultimately to the Lower Thames near Putnam.

 

The field is cropped on a rotational basis using corn, soybeans and winter wheat. Pig manure is applied annually. At the roadside, there’s a municipal drain inlet to collect surface water.

 

Partners:

Upper Thames River Conservation Authority (UTRCA) will be responsible for the site and the Thames River PRC will provide research and weather data support from Weather Innovation (WIN) using model-based precipitation from surrounding weather stations.  

 

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Woodstock

March 2019 Update

Site:

A 70-acre farm with vegetable, row crops and alfalfa. Crops are rotated based on strips used for strawberries and other green vegetables. In areas other than the vegetable growing area (e.g. hay, corn, soybeans), manure is applied annually. The farm has a municipal drain on the property with three blind inlets.

 

Partners:

Silt Sock Environmental is responsible for installation, sampling and monitoring through Honeyland Ag Services.  The Thames River PRC will provide sample result compilation under the supervision of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs.

 

Research description:

One of the muncipal blind inlets drains about 50 acres in an alfalfa field. In this test, an inlet cover is equipped with five Hickenbottom intakes which contain MetaMateria, a sponge that absorbs phosphorus (P), through which water has to infiltrate.

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Reduction Collaborative